Skip to main content
Wikispaces Classroom is now free, social, and easier than ever.
Try it today.
Pages and Files
National Meeting 2017
SABER West 2017
Future SABER meetings
Jobs & Positions in Science Ed
Graduate Programs in BER
Graduate Programs recruiting
Special Interest Groups (SIGs)
DBER-STEM list serves
Meetings of Interest in 2017
References- Clickers in STEM education
Personal response devices, personal response systems.
Carl Weiman Science Education Initiative (CWSEI)-
Barber, M., and Njus, D.. Clicker evolution: seeking intelligent design. CBE—Life Sci. Educ. 6, 1–8. 2007- This article is a review of all clicker systems
Beatty, I. D., Gerace, W. J., Leonar, W. J., and Dufresne, R. J. Designing effective questions for classroom response system teaching. Am. J. Phys. 74(1), 31–39.2006
BeattyI.Transforming student learning with classroom communication systems.
Beekes, W. The “Millionaire” method for encouraging participation. Active Learn. Higher Educ. 7(1), 25–36.2006
Bessler, W. C., and Nisbet, J. J. (1971). The use of an electronic response system in teaching biology. Sci. Educ. 55, 275–284.
Brown, J. D. (1972). An evaluation of the Spitz student response system in teaching a course in logical and mathematical concepts. J. Exp. Educ. 40, 12–20.
Burnstein, RA, Lederman, LM.Using wireless keypads in lecture classes.
Brewer, C. (2004). Near real-time assessment of student learning and understanding in biology courses. BioScience 54(11), 1034–1039.
Bunce, D. M., Van den Plas, J. R., and Havanki, K. L. (2006).Comparing the effectiveness on student achievement of a student response system versus online WebCT quizzes. J. Chem. Educ., 83(3), 488–493.
Burnstein, R. A., and Lederman, L. M. (2001). Using wireless keypads in lecture classes. Phys. Teach. 39, 8–11.
*Caldwell,J.E. Clickers in the Large Classroom: Current Research and Best-Practice Tips. CBE- Life Science Education 6:9-20, 2007**
Crossgrove and Curran. Using Clickers in Nonmajors- and Majors-Level Biology Courses: Student Opinion, Learning, and Long-Term Retention of Course Material. CBE- Life Sci Educ 7, 146–154. 2008
Cortright, R. N., Collins, H. L., Rodenbaugh, D. W., and DiCarlo, S. E. Student retention of course content is improved by collaborative-group testing. Adv. Physiol. Educ. 27, 102–108.2003
Dantas, AM, Kemm, RE.A blended approach to active learning in a physiology laboratory-based subject facilitated by an e-learning component.
Adv Physiol Educ
[Abstract/Free Full Text
d’Inverno, R., Davis, H., and White, S. (2003). Using a personal response system for promoting student interaction. Teach. Math. Appl. 22(4), 163–169.
Draper, SW, Brown, MI.Increasing interactivity in lectures using an electronic voting system.
J Comp Assist Learn
Draper, S. W. (2002). Evaluating effective use of PRS: results of the evaluation of the use of PRS in Glasgow University, October 2001-
June 2002. www.psy.gla.ac.uk/steve/ilig/papers/eval.pdf
Dufresne, R. J., Gerace, W. J., Leonard, W. J., Mestre, J. P., and Wenk, L. (1996). Classtalk: a classroom communication system for active learning. J. Comp. High. Educ. 7, 3–47.
Duncan, D. (2005). Clickers in the Classroom: How to Enhance Science Teaching Using Classroom Response Systems, New York: Addison Wesley and Benjamin Cummings.
Duncan,D., Clickers in the Astronomy Classroom (Pearson Education, San Francisco, 2006).
El-Rady, J.To click or not to click: that's the question.
Innov J Online Educ
Elliott, C.Using a personal response system in economics teaching.
Int Rev Econ Educ
Freeman, S., O’Connor, E., Parks, J. W., Cunningham, M., Hurley, D., Haak, D., Dirks, C., and Wenderoth, M. P. Prescribed active learning increases performance in introductory biology. CBE Life Sci. Educ. 6, 132–139. 2007
Gauci, S, Dantas, A.M., Williams, D.A. and Kemm, R.E. Advan. Physiol. Educ. 33:60-71, 2009
Gerace, WJ, Dufresne, RJ, Leonard, WJ.
Using Technology to Implement Active Learning in Large Classes
.Amherst, MA:Univ. of Massachusetts Physics Education Research Group,PERG-1999#11-Nov#2,1999.
Hatch, J., and Jensen, M. (2005). Manna from Heaven or “clickers” from Hell. J. Coll. Sci. Teach. 34(7), 36–39.
Jensen, M., Moore, R., and Hatch, J. (2002). Electronic cooperative quizzes. Am. Biol. Teach. 64, 169–174.
Johnson, D., and McLeod, S. (2004). Get answers: using student response systems to see students’ thinking. Learn. Lead. Technol. 32(4), 18–23.
Judson, E., and Sawada, D. (2002). Learning from the past and present: electronic response systems in college lecture halls. J. Comput. Math. Sci. Teach. 21, 167–181.
Klionsky, D. J. (2001). Constructing knowledge in the lecture hall. J. Coll. Sci. Teach. 31, 246–251.
Knight, J. K., and Wood, W. G. (2005). Teaching more by lecturing less. Cell Biol. Educ. 4, 298–310.
Lane, JL, Aleksic, M.Transforming elementary statistics to enhance student learning.
Meltzer, D. E., and Manivannan, K. (2002). Transforming the lecture-hall environment: the fully interactive physics lecture. Am. J. Phys. 70, 639–654.
Nichol, D. J., and Boyle, J. T. (2003). Peer instruction versus class wide discussion in large classes: a comparison of two interaction methods in the wired classroom. Stud. Higher Educ. 28, 457–473.
Paschal, CB.Formative assessment in physiology teaching using a wireless classroom communication system.
Adv Physiol Educ
[Abstract/Free Full Text
Poulis, J., Massen, C., Robens, E., and Gilbert, M. (1998). Physics lecturing with audience paced feedback. Am. J. Phys. 66, 439–441.
Preszler, R., Dawe, A., Shuster, C. B., and Shuster, M. (2007). Assessment of the effects of student response systems on student learning and attitudes over a broad range of biology courses. CBE Life Sci. Educ. 6, 29–41.
Rao, S. P., and DiCarlo, S. E. (2000). Peer instruction improves performance on quizzes. Adv. Physiol. Educ. 24, 51–55.
Reay, N. W., Li, Pengfei, & Bao, Lei. (2008). Testing a new voting machine methodology.
American Journal of Physics
, 72(2), 171-178
Roschelle, J., Penuel, W. R., and Abrahamson, L. (2004a). Classroom Response and Communication Systems: Research Review and Theory. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Diego, CA, 2004. ubiqcomputing.org/CATAALYST_AERA_Proposal.pdf (accessed 16 July 2006).
Schackow, TE, Chavez, M, Loya, L, Friedman, M.Audience response system: effect on learning in family medicine residents.
[Web of Science
Sharma, MD, Khachan, J, Chan, B, O'Byrne, J.An investigation of the effectiveness of electronic classroom communication systems in large lecture classes.
Austr J Educ Technol
Slain, D., Abate, M., Hodges, B. M., Stamatakis, M. K., and Wolak, S. (2004). An interactive response system to promote active learning in the doctor of pharmacy curriculum. Am. J. Pharm. Educ. 68, 1–9.
Smith, A. C., Stewart, R., Shields, P., Hayes-Klosteridis, J., Robinson, P., and Yuan, R. (2005). Introductory biology courses: a framework to support active learning in large enrollment introductory science courses. Cell Biol. Educ. 4(2), 143–156.
Suchman, E., Uchiyama, K., Smith, R., and Bender, K. (2006). Evaluating the impact of a classroom response system in a microbiology course. Microbiol. Educ. 7, 3–11.
Tessier, J. (2004). Using peer teaching to promote learning in biology. J. Coll. Sci. Teach. 33, 16–19.
Wit, E. (2003). Who wants to be. . . . The use of a personal response system in statistics teaching. MSOR Connections 3(2), 14–20.
Wood, W. B. (2004). Clickers: a teaching gimmick that works. Dev.Cell 7(6), 796–798.
Yoder, JD, Hochevar, CM.Encouraging active learning can improve students' performance on examinations.
[Web of Science
Zeilik, M., and Morris, V. J. (2004). The impact of cooperative quizzes in a large introductory astronomy course for non-science majors. Astron. Educ. Rev. 3, 51–61.
Classroom Response System "clickers" Bibliography--
help on how to format text
Turn off "Getting Started"